Posted by: 4pack | September 24, 2008

More “Mediterranean Diet” Health Benefits Cited In New Study

  

MORE MEDICAL RESEARCH…MORE CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE FOR THE BENEFITS OF EATING RIGHT…EATING OFTEN…AND MOST IMPORTANT, EATING SMALLER PORTIONS…HAVE SOME DEDICATION TO THESE PRINCIPLES AND FOUR PACKS WILL BE ON THE HORIZON…READ EXCERPTS BELOW FROM A MEDICAL STUDY:

Conclusions: “The authors concluded that adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with reductions in different types of mortality, including cardiovascular mortality and cancer mortality, as well as reductions in incidence of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.”

 http://www.cardiosource.com/cjrpicks/CJRPick.asp?cjrID=4654

 

 

Title: Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Health Status: Meta-Analysis
Topic: Prevention/Vascular
Date Posted: 9/22/2008
Author(s): Sofi F, Cesari F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A.
Citation:

 

BMJ 2008;Sep 11:[Epub ahead of print].

 

Title: Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Health Status: Meta-Analysis
Topic: Prevention/Vascular
Date Posted: 9/22/2008
Author(s): Sofi F, Cesari F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A.
Citation:

 

BMJ 2008;Sep 11:[Epub ahead of print].


Clinical Trial: No

Study Question: Does adherence to the Mediterranean diet improve health status?

Methods: This meta-analysis included prospective studies, which examined the association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and mortality or incidence of disease. Studies were identified from PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from 1996 to June of 2008. A total of 12 studies with 1,574,299 subjects were included in this analysis. Follow-up time ranged from 3-18 years. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet was defined through scores that estimated the conformity to the Mediterranean dietary pattern. Total adherence scores ranged from 0 or low adherence to 7-9 or high adherence. Mediterranean diet was considered to be a diet high in vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals, fish, and a moderate intake of red wine during meals.

Results: The cumulative analysis of eight cohorts, which included 514,816 subjects, demonstrated an inverse association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and mortality. For each two-point increase in the adherence score, there was a significant reduced risk of total mortality (pooled relative risk [RR], 0.91; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.89-0.94). A similar pattern was observed for cardiovascular mortality (pooled RR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.87-0.95), incidence of cancer mortality (0.94; 95% CI, 0.92-0.96), and incidence of Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease (RR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.80-0.96).

Conclusions: The authors concluded that adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with reductions in different types of mortality, including cardiovascular mortality and cancer mortality, as well as reductions in incidence of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.

Perspective: These data support the concept that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, and cereals has significant benefits for overall health. Public health intervention, which provides Americans with access to healthy foods and education to make wise food choices, should include promotion of a Mediterranean diet. Elizabeth A. Jackson, M.D., F.A.C.C.

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